The hope of the passage of the federal Fair Housing Act in 1968, was that segregated communities would disappear, as discriminatory real-estate practices were outlawed and all-white neighborhoods were opened up to members of other groups. Unfortunately, due to a variety historical and political developments, the promise of integrated neighborhoods is yet to be realized.
The Federal Fair Housing Act has TWO main goals:
To end discrimination in the selling, renting and financing of housing, and to promote diverse, inclusive communities.
More specifically, it means taking steps to proactively address significant disparities in access to community assets, to overcome segregated living patterns and support and promote integrated communities, to end racially and ethnically concentrated areas of poverty, and to foster and maintain compliance with civil rights and fair housing laws.
State and local governments that apply for HUD money must certify that they will take action to remove barriers to fair housing, or “affirmatively further fair housing.” State and local government grant recipients are also required to conduct an analysis of impediments to fair housing (an “AI”), a process that includes studying:
State and local governments must then take action to encourage an environment free of housing discrimination and also to provide greater opportunities for all people to be able to obtain housing in their community. Finally, they must keep records of their activities.
In effect since the passage of the Fair Housing Act, the AFFH requirement is given further authority by the act's 1988 amendments, the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, the National Affordable Housing Act of 1990, executive order 12892 issued by President Clinton in 1994, and various court decisions.
A copy of the Final Rule can be found here.
To see a copy of the Press Release, click here.
An Executive Summary describing the Final Rule can be found here.
A copy of the Regulatory Impact Analysis that accompanied the Final Rule can be found here.
For additional resources for grantees click here.
Your Community is Important.. Place Matters.